Curated Lists of Peer-Reviewed Research Studies Lists 190 of the Most Recent Peer-Reviewed Studies, Presented in These Categories:

Joel M. Moskowitz, PhD has published an Annotated Bibliography of Scientific Papers Finding Evidence of harm from Cell Phone Radiation Exposure, Published Between August 2016 and July 2018.

Environmental Health Trust has an excellent list of Peer-Reviewed Scientific Papers in several categories.

PowerWatch has published a list of 1,670 Peer-Reviewed Papers on Electromagnetic Fields and Biology or Health

The US National Toxicology Program (NTP) Study

The US National Toxicology Program (NTP) reports to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), which is one of 27 Institutes in the US National Institutes of Health (NIH).

The US National Toxicology Program (NTP) Study on Cell Phone Radiation found “clear evidence” of cancer, heart damage and DNA damage in a $30-million study designed to test the basis for federal safety limits (NIEHS 2018). The heart and brain cancers found in the NTP study rats are the same cell type as tumors that researchers have found to be increased in humans who have used cell phones for over 10 years. Thus, researchers say this animal evidence confirms the human evidence associating the exposure to cancer. (Hardell 2019)

“The findings of highly malignant and quite rare brain tumors and malignant Schwann cell tumors of the heart in the NTP study present a major public health concern because some of these same types of tumors had been reported in epidemiological studies of adult cellphone users. In addition the NTP reported DNA damage was induced in brain cells of exposed animals.” ~ Ronald Melnick, PhD, Commentary on the NTP Study

May 2016 Draft Report of Partial Findings from the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague-Dawley® SD rats (Whole Body Exposures)

Myth vs Fact on the The National Toxicology Program Cell Phone Cancer Study

The Ramazzini Study

The Ramazzini Study confirmed the results of the NTP Study, using a larger number of test animals, and testing far field (cell tower) rather than near field (cell phone) EMF radiation exposure.

Ramazzini Study on Radiofrequency Cell Phone Radiation: The World’s Largest Animal Study on Cell Tower Radiation Confirms Cancer Link

The Ramazzini study exposed 2448 Sprague-Dawley rats from prenatal life until their natural death to “environmental” cell tower radiation for 19 hours per day (1.8 GHz GSM radiofrequency radiation (RFR) of 5, 25 and 50 V/m). RI exposures mimicked base station emissions like those from cell tower antennas, and exposure levels were far less than those used in the NTP studies of cell phone radiation.

All of the exposures used in the Ramazzini study were below the US FCC limits. These are permissible exposures according the FCC. In other words, a person can legally be exposed to this level of radiation. Yet cancers occurred in these animals at these legally permitted levels. The Ramazzini findings are consistent with the NTP study demonstrating these effects are a reproducible finding,” explained Ronald Melnick PhD, formerly the Senior NIH toxicologist who led the design of the NTP study on cell phone radiation now a Senior Science Advisor to Environmental Health Trust (EHT). “Governments need to strengthen regulations to protect the public from these harmful non-thermal exposures.”

This study raises concerns that simply living close to a cell tower will pose threats to human health. Governments need to take measures to reduce exposures from cell tower emissions. Cell towers should not be near schools, hospitals or people’s homes. Public health agencies need to educate the public on how to reduce exposure from all sources of wireless radiofrequency radiation—be it from cell towers or cell phones or Wi-Fi in schools,” stated David O. Carpenter MD, former Dean of the School of Public Health at the University at Albany. “This is particularly urgent because of current plans to place small 5G cell towers about every 300 meters in every street across the country. These 5G ‘small cell’ antennas will result in continuous exposure to everyone living nearby and everyone walking down the street. The increased exposures will increase risk of cancer and other diseases such as electro-hypersensitivity.”

One page Comparison of the Ramazzini Institute Study and the US National Toxicology Program Study

More Frequently-Referenced Studies

The BioInitiative Report 2012
A Rationale for Biologically-based Public Exposure Standards for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF)

Research and Peer-Reviewed Papers by Well-Respected Scientists

Martin L Pall, PhD ~ Eight Distinct Types of Great Harm Caused by Electromagnetic Field Exposures and the Mechanisms that Cause Them ~ Overview from 1971 to 2018

Early Studies

Early Cell Tower Studies ~ Specific Health Symptoms and Cell Phone Radiation in Selbitz (Bavaria, Germany)—Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship
Early studies are valuable because they were done before general adoption of cell phones, so because cell phone towers were not so pervasive, it was possible to document symptoms correlated to distance from a specific cell tower, and it was also possible to find control groups not exposed to cell tower microwave radiation.